Insomnia and Natural Supplement Remedies

insomniaSleep is one of the body’s basic requirements. At some point in their lives, most people have gotten too little sleep and felt the effects the following day. But what happens when you miss sleep on a daily basis? If you’re someone that can never seem to get to sleep at night or can’t stay asleep for the requisite 7-9 hours, you may have insomnia. Insomnia and the resulting sleep deprivation are growing conditions in our modern society. The tricky thing about insomnia, however, is that it’s not a single problem. Each case of insomnia can have its own unique set of causes.

What Can Cause Insomnia?

Even though it can be caused by a number of factors, there are some common causes. They can be grouped into 3 general categories.

Psychological Causes: Stress, anxiety, depression or recent trauma can all keep your mind in a space that’s not conducive to sleep. These are often the most common causes. The mind can start racing at night when all the lights are off and there’s no stimuli fighting for our attention. 

Medical Causes: Many medical conditions can cause insomnia. These can include, but aren’t limited to respiratory problems like allergies and asthma, neurological diseases like Parkinson’s, or chronic pain from an injury. 

Environmental Causes: These are often the most preventable and include inconsistent sleep habits, late night computer or TV viewing or working “graveyard” shifts. Something as simple as having a poorly designed sleep environment can cause insomnia too. A room that’s too bright, noisy or uncomfortable can prevent you from fully settling. 

The Dangers of Sleep Drugs

sleep drug dangersBig pharmaceutical companies are constantly pushing ads for drugs like Ambien and Lunesta to help treat insomnia. Of couse, there are drawbacks to using drugs this strong. The nightmares people report from Ambien, the number one sleep aid, are very real. On the FDA’s Ambien medication guide the warning states: 

“After taking AMBIEN, you may get up out of bed while not being fully awake and do an activity that you do not know you are doing. The next morning, you may not remember that you did anything during the night. Reported activities include: driving a car (“sleep-driving”), making and eating food, talking on the phone, having sex, sleep-walking”  

Clearly there’s a case to avoid strong sleep-inducing drugs. 

Treat Insomnia Naturally

So, how can you combat insomnia without worrying about waking up in a McDonald’s drive-thru? The process starts by analyzing your environment. Is your room dark and quiet? Is your bed comfortable? Make sure you’re not watching TV or using the computer too close to bed time. After you’ve addressed these issues, the next step is to look into some supplements to help you fall asleep faster and get natural, sustained, restful sleep.

Supplements to Treat Insomnia

  • L-theanine: This supplement has fantastic benefits for both day and night users. The same effects that help improve a calm state while awake and combat stress can also help ease the mind and body before bed. A placebo-controlled Japanese study showed a 70% improvement in a number of sleep quality factors after using l-theanine.  
  • Choline: Choline is a precursor to acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter that has significantly higher production during REM cycles. Inadequate levels of acetylcholine have been linked to sleep deprivation in multiple studies. Taking choline before bed can help ensure you’re getting the right amount of acetylcholine production during the night.

  • GABA: GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that has been directly linked to insomnia. In general, it works by slowing down certain parts of the brain at the right time so when levels are low, the brain will keep working just as it was during the waking state and it’s harder to fall asleep and get the right amount of deep sleep required to fully recover.

  • Melatonin: Melatonin, a hormone naturally produced in the body, is nature’s sleep regulator. At night, undisturbed by outside light sources like TV, Computers, Phones, Lamps, etc the body raises melatonin production and you get sleepy. Obviously, this can become problematic in the modern world where people are glued to a screen all the time. Without natural light signals, the body doesn’t fully know when to “shut down” and technically thinks it’s still daytime.  Melatonin supplements before bed can help offset this and kickstart the sleep process.

Each of these supplements can be an effective weapon against insomnia. What’s even more important is that they can each be used safely and won’t leave you feeling hungover or groggy the next day. If a proper supplementation regime is combined with proper sleep habits, stress management, and nutrition and exercise, most common insomnia cases would likely be eliminated.


Caffeine and L-Theanine: Coffee, Tea, or Supplements?

caffeine from starbucksImagine having the focus of a Zen master with the energy of a cheetah. Combining caffeine and L-theanine can help make that a reality.

Most people are familiar with the idea of caffeine based energy, otherwise there wouldn’t be a Starbucks on every corner, but the focus part is what’s most important.

Running around in circles will get you nowhere, but caffeine AND L-theanine gives you the ability to think in a clear, strategic way while your energy levels are high.


The first component is the caffeine. Even through it’s a nervous system stimulant, caffeine can be beneficial if taken in the right frequency and doses. When used appropriately, it can improve focus, energy, cognition and even mood. However, if you get too much caffeine it can have a nasty jittery effect and leave you feeling burned out very quickly. Also, caffeine needs to be cycled in order to stay effective and avoid tolerance buildup.

Coffee vs Caffeine Supplements

Not all coffee is created equal when it comes to caffeine

Not all coffee is created equal when it comes to caffeine

Most people get their daily caffeine through drinks like coffee. Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages in the world. It’s used by students and executives alike to get their day started. If you’re going to consider using it for nootropic purposes, however, there are some things to consider.

First, you need to be scientific with it. One cup of coffee doesn’t always have the same amount of caffeine as the next, especially if you’re getting mixed coffee drinks or coffee from different sources each day. The actual caffeine content can vary drastically if you don’t have strict control over how strong or big the cup of coffee is.

Bulk Caffeine Supplements

The alternative is to go with bulk caffeine supplements. This can be accurately measured and taken in consistent doses so you know what you’re actually getting each and every time. You can also use bulk caffeine in custom pre-made stacks or capsules. Plus, it is less expensive than coffee in the long run if you’re drinking high quality coffee or daily lattes.

L-theanine Powder

green tea contains l-theanine, which sooths and relaxesThe other half of the combination is l-theanine powder. This supplement is a naturally occurring amino acid that was originally discovered in green tea. On its own, l-theanine works within the central nervous system to provide anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) or calming effects.

L-theanine promotes alpha wave activity in the brain. Alpha waves are the brain waves produced in a relaxed, awakened state, so it’s easy to see how this supplement can help calm you.  Like caffeine, l-theanine is available in bulk which gives you the ability to mix it into custom stacks and accurately measure each dose.

L-Theanine Powder and Caffeine

Despite the two supplements having what seem like drastically different effects on the body, the net effect of the caffeine l-theanine combo is a synergy that gives you the energy of caffeine but with a calm focus.

This combination is one that, whether they knew it or not, monks have used for thousands of years. Teas, which contain small amounts of caffeine and l-theanine, were staples of their mediation practices, giving them the energy to stay awake and the focused calmness to stay in their state for hours at a time.

L-Theanine Powder and Caffeine Dosage

milligram scale

Use a digital milligram scale to accurately weight your supplements.

L-theanine and caffeine dosages are measured in ratios as opposed to total mg. The recommended ratio of l-theanine to caffeine is 2:1, meaning you should take two parts theanine for one part caffeine.

Again, this is where bulk caffeine is more beneficial since you can get a clean measurement. Starting doses can vary depending on your own caffeine intake and tolerance. If you’re not a caffeine drinker at all, then 50mg caffeine and 100mg l-theanine may be ideal. And if you’re a heavy caffeine user already, you’ll need to adjust the ratios to your current intake.

Don’t like using milligram scales? Then check out these caffeine L-theanine capsules. You will get all the same benefits without the extra work.

What to Expect with Caffeine and L Theanine Powder

When you are able to dial in your ideal dosage, you will notice a few things. First, you will be alert. This wont be news for any coffee drinkers or caffeine users. Second, you wont have a jittery edge to your caffeine buzz. And finally, you’ll find it easier to focus. The effects may seem more or less subtle depending on your current supplement usage, but in general you’ll have a calm, focused energy to get you through your day with no jittery anxiety.

Caffeine and Theanine Sources

Green Tea and Weight Loss

When it comes to green tea, many people drink it for its anxiolytic properties. Theanine, an amino acid found in all tea, provides these benefits. However, there is another aspect to green tea that has people’s attention: weight loss.

Green Tea for Weight Loss

Green Tea for Weight lossNot only does green tea improve longevity, numerous scientific studies now show that green tea drinkers lose weight faster than non-tea drinkers.

There are a couple of reasons for why green tea helps reduce weight. The first obvious explanation is the caffeine found in all tea. Caffeine acts as an appetite suppressant and can also induce thermogenesis. Thermogenesis is how your body generates heat and energy from your food which is how you burn calories.

However, there is another fat-fighting force at work in green tea: polyphenols, specifically catechins. Polyphenols are found in most types of tea, but green tea in particular has a very high concentration of catechins. As discovered in a study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, catechins reduce fat accumulation as well as improve your cholesterol health.

The researchers studied a group of 35 men with similar waist circumference and BMI. The men were split into two groups, fed the same breakfast and dinner, and maintained the same overall diet in regards to calorie and fat intake. One group was given a bottle of Oolong tea fortified with a green tea extract containing 690mg of catechins, while the other group had plain Oolong tea with 22mg of catechins.

After three months the results were very telling. The group with the higher amount of catechins lost more weight and saw a greater reduction in BMI, body fat, and waist circumference. Furthermore, their bad cholesterol levels decreased.

Green Tea Extract and Weight Loss

Instant green tea powderNow all of this news is excellent. Drink more green tea and you can reap a number of rewards from increased longevity due to antioxidants to improved weight loss. However, to do so you will need to ingest a large quantity of green tea. In fact, unless you really, really like green tea obtain the necessary amount of catechins may be difficult.

This is why many people choose to supplement with green tea powder for weight loss. This powder is incredibly versatile. You can make it into green tea if you so choose by adding water or you can get creative and sprinkle the powder over various foods. You can even encapsulate your green tea powder if you prefer.

Tips for Max Weight Loss

Drinking green tea and using green tea powder are excellent ways to start your weight loss journey. Here are some additional tips for max weight loss:

  1. Start and maintain your tea drinking and supplementing routine
  2. Always keep a steady stock so you do not run out unexpectedly.
  3. Do NOT add cream or milk to your tea; this voids its weight loss benefits
  4. A healthy diet will further improve the weight loss benefits of green tea.

Should you choose to use the powder to make tea, you may find it needs some sugar. You can add sugar, or, if you are watching calories, you can use a non-calorie sweetener such as stevia instead. You can get a green tea powder + stevia combination here.

To ensure maximum weight loss, you will need to start a good tea drinking and supplementing routine. As stated before, you will need a lot of green tea to reap the benefits or you can supplement to save time. Whichever route you take, you will need to stick to it.

Make sure you have your necessary supplies on hand so you don’t run out accidently. You could also try setting a specific tea time for your day to relax and unwind or use it to replace your morning coffee. Another good way to naturally incorporate green tea into your diet is to drink it with lunch and dinner in place of soda.

Warm tea can also satisfy the afternoon munchies because of its EGCG content. EGCG helps lower glucose which directly reduces cravings. Finally, do not add cream or milk to your tea. While this is a popular method of tea consumption for the Brits, it does not help with weight loss.

Additional Tips

Green tea with lemonWhile drinking green tea boosts weight loss, a healthy diet will produce greater results in a shorter amount of time. Also, try out new tea flavors from time to time or add a slice of lemon to enhance your green tea. By mixing it up from time to time you can help ensure you do not get bored and abandon your new healthy habits.


  1. Nagao, T. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, January 2005; vol 81: 122-129

PRL-8-53: Get a Mega-Memory

PRL-8-53 for memory enhancementImagine being able to remember up to 2x what you normally would after reading a book, going to class, or even a meeting. Regardless of your profession, this could likely benefit you somehow.

Since students are formally tested, the impact of increased memory retention is immediately rewarding, but most people would like to be better at remembering names, numbers, facts, or processes. An emerging nootropic, PRL-8-53 is starting to receive more attention and the study results promise significantly improved memory, especially in older groups.

PRL-8-53: What is it?

The surge in nootropic popularity over the past several years must have inspired someone to scour the archives, because while PRL-8-53 is only now gaining attention , it’s existed for some time . In fact, PRL-8-53 has existed since the 1970’s, when Dr Nikolaus Hansl first synthesized the nootropic at Creighton University . While PRL-8-53’s mechanism of action is still unknown,t scientists do know is that it displays cholinergic properties, which are known to improve short-term memory. This is becauseCcholine is seen as “fuel for the brain” and thus widely used as a nootropic supplement

PRL-8-53 Research

Alternative Nootropics

While PRL 8-53’s popularity is on the rise, it is still hard to find. If you are tired of searching, try some other favored, better researched nootropics.

Piracetam: This is the prototype of the racetam family. As it is also the weakest racetam, it is a good nootropic for beginners.

Noopept: If you are an experienced nootropic user, you may want to consider noopept. It is 1000x more potent than piracetam and is an excellent cognitive enhancer.

CDP Choline: Racetams can sometimes cause headaches as they increase choline uptake. To avoid this, supplement with a quality choline source. Plus, choline has cognitive benefits as well.

To date, the first (and only) human study to be performed on PRL-8-53 was in 1978. After successful animal testing, PRL-8-53 was deemed safe for human test subjects.

Researchers began with a study of 47 healthy people. These subjects were given 5mg of PRL-8-53 or a placebo and then given a word memory test. They were then re-tested at 24 hours after the initial dose and again at one week. PRL-8-53 improved recall at the 24 hour and one week mark.

Individuals who scored very poorly on the initial test as well as subjects over the age of 30 saw the biggest improvements. The 30+ subjects experienced memory improvement of 236–252% over baseline at the one week mark.

Nearly all the published information on PRL-8-53 originated with Dr Hansl and the original patent holders, Pacific Research Labs (hence the acronym PRL). Aside from the human study, Dr Hansl looked at learning enhancement in animals as well as potential toxicity of the nootropic.

Who is PRL-8-53 for?

As mentioned above, many people would like to have a better memory, so PRL-8-53 is beneficial to nearly anyone. However, there are a couple groups which could benefit the most:

  • Older populations. It’s widely believed that memory can start to degrade as you age , which may be the case as the research shows that the age 30+ group benefited the most.
  • Individuals with a poor memory. Most individuals with a poor memory could benefit greatly from PRL-8-53. The research doesn’t specify, but it could be speculated that individuals with learning disabilities or other impairments could be included here.
  • Students. A college or post-grad student knows that every little bit of memory retention helps.

One PRL8-53 user shared their anecdotal experience:

“I’ve been taking 20 mg per day for the last 3 days. There haven’t been any notable changes, positive or negative, except for one big difference.

I am easily remembering, without effort or error, numbers that I always had to reference from written notes in the past. The first time this happened I was talking on the phone with someone and needed to give them an 8 digit number that previously I have always had to look up in my notes. I was astonished when I just spoke it to her while I was still looking for it in my notes. There have been about 6 instances of this instant recall since I started.”

The web is sprinkled with similar experiences and reports of users having improvements in remembering short strings of numbers and even experiences that happened well beyond what would be considered “short term” memory.

PRL-8-53 Dosage and Toxicity

In the published human study, subjects were given 5mg of the nootropic., This is a good starting dose to gauge effectiveness; however, as seen in the comment above, much higher doses are commonplace amongst users. Unfortunately, the lack of research around this compound makes it difficult to identify a standard recommended dose.

Fortunately for those looking to experiment, the substance appears to be relatively non-toxic. In animal subjects, very high doses had hypotensive effects and depressed motor activity, but no toxicity or side effects were reported in the human-based study. As always, it’s best to start small and gradually increase the amount while beginning use independent of other nootropics. That way you can better see where your memory enhancement improvements are coming from.

PRL 8 53 Sources


The Relax Stack for Stress Reduction, Relaxation, and Sleep


Kick your tired feet up and relax with this stack.

The Relax Stack is perfect for taking the edge off after a long day and for experiencing deeper, more restful sleep.  Its unique combination of mind-calming and sleep-inducing ingredients can reduce stress and leave you better rested and ready to face the next day.

If you’re suffering from a lack of sleep, stressing out from working hard, or just needing to chill out, the Relax Stack will have you feeling better in no time.

What’s in the Relax Stack?

The Relax Stack contains Rhodiola, Ashwandandha, GABA, and melatonin.  Some of these supplements may sounds familiar; melatonin is widely used by itself as a sleep supplement, and GABA is known for its stress-relieving properties.

While Rhodiola and Ashwandandha may not sound familiar, they are just as effective as any other supplement in the stack.  Rhodiola is a plant whose roots can be used to reduce mental fatigue, and Ashwandandha is another plant whose roots and berries are effective in combating anxiety and sleep deficiency.

How does the Relax Stack Work?


Want to be this relaxed?

The stack helps to relieve stress and mental fatigue that can keep you awake at night.  GABA helps to get rid of mental stress, while Rhodiola can make the effects of physical stress less apparent.

It might seem counterintuitive to take supplements that reduce fatigue in order to sleep better, but fatigue and sleep are not the same thing [1]. Physical fatigue can actually cause a lack of sleep due to the toll it takes on the body and on the mind. Less fatigue means less stress, and an easier time drifting off to sleep.

The anti-anxiety effects of Ashwandandha’s will help to clear your mind of worries.  Once in a relaxed state, your body can respond better to melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep cycles.  Increased melatonin levels tell your body that it’s time to sleep, and produce a natural, refreshing state of restfulness.

How to Use the Relax Stack

For maximum benefits, all of the elements of the Relax Stack should be taken in proper dosages.

Individuals should take one gram of GABA and 3 milligrams of Melatonin once per day.  The plant-based supplements Rhodiola and Ashwandandha should be taken twice a day, unlike the other ingredients.  They are most effective at 250 and 500 milligrams per dose, respectively.  The stack also comes with stevia and citric acid to help mask any unpleasant flavors the supplements may have. Individuals should use 100 milligrams of stevia and one gram of citric acid per day.

When taken in these proportions, all of the ingredients of the Relax Stack provide a gentle and effective way to sleep better and feel better as well.



Bacopa Monnieri Benefits Those with Anxiety

Bacopa Monnieri

Bacopa Monnieri is a flowering plant.

Bacopa Monnieri is a nootropic herb that is known for its benefits as an anxiolytic.  It is highly ranked in Ayurvedic remedies, and is incredibly powerful when it comes to combating anxiety.


Bacopa Monnieri extract has even been shown to work better than traditional approaches to reducing anxiety because it increases cognition and alertness rather than reducing it [1].  Bacopa benefits people across a wide age range, and has been shown to increase memory as well as improve mood.

How Does Bacopa Monnieri Work?


The anti-anxiety effects of Bacopa are still being researched, but can be attributed to a combination of saponins in the herb and its ability to increase serotonin.  Saponins are chemical compounds that are part of a plant’s immune system.  When they are consumed by humans, they can have effects like anxiety reduction and improved mood [2].  The supplement helps to improve neural communication by helping nerve cells send out signals.  Basically, it helps your brain to have better control over its reactions, which helps to manage stress and anxiety faster.


Because Bacopa also causes an increase in serotonin production, it results in a surge of “feel-good” hormones that aid in anxiety reduction.  Bacopa Monnieri is a great option as an anxiolytic nootropic, and a powerful one at that, because it affects the mental condition and can improve not only mood, but memory and performance as well.

Bacopa Monnieri Benefits


Bacopa Monnieri anxiety

This supplement can help relieve anxiety.

While Bacopa Monnieri is powerful as an anxiolytic, it truly is most effective because it is neither a stimulant nor a depressant.  While other supplements for anxiety may cause drowsiness or overstimulation, Bacopa does neither of these.


It will improve cognitive function rather than impairing it for the sake of reducing stress.  While Bacopa can act as a mental sedative, it won’t cause tiredness and will instead focus the mind.


Bacopa Monnieri is also an antioxidant, protecting cells from damage and preventing their breakdown.  This is just an added perk to the supplement that can effectively reduce anxiety without causing other negative mental side effects.

Bacopa Monnieri Dosage


Dosage will largely depend on the extract of Bacosides. For example, a formulation of 20% Bacosides will call for 750mg once per day. Dosage will also depend on the individual’s levels of stress an anxiety.  The supplement can be taken at any time since it won’t cause drowsiness or overstimulation meaning it won’t interfere with your sleep cycle.

The Bacopa supplement is best taken with food, and can be easily worked into a daily routine by having it with a meal.  In a very short time, adding this supplement every day can help reduce anxiety as well as provide more mental focus and an improved memory.




Using St. John’s Wort to Boost Mood

st. john's wort

St. John’s Wort is a yellow flowering plant.

Depression affects 121 Million people worldwide. In its severe forms, it leads to 850,000 deaths each year. [1]

There are many kinds of medication that can be prescribed by doctors to treat this condition. St. John’s Wort, on the other hand, is an herbal remedy avialable over the counter for mood.

What is St.John’s Wort?

St. John’s Wort belongs to the plant species Hypericum perforatum, and is also known as Tipton’s weed, rosin rose, goatweed, chase-devil, or Klamath weed. There are many species worldwide and they can mostly be found in North America, Europe, Turkey, Middle East, India, China and Brazil. [2] Australia is the world’s top producer of the plant.

Its name was given because it blooms around June 24, the birthday of John the Baptist. “Wort” is an old English word for plant. It is used for multiple problems such as for chronic fatigue syndrome, exhaustion, migraines, and muscle pain. An oil extract from the plant can also be used for easing scrapes, bruises and other inflammations. [3]

How does it Work?

What If I Can’t Take SJW?

Some individuals cannot take St. John’s Wort, such as those who take contraceptive pills. It also interacts negatively with a variety of other medications, so be sure to discuss it with your doctor first. Some alternative anxioltyic supplements include:

  1. Rhodiola Rosea Supplement
  2. Ashwagandha Powder
  3. Theanine Supplement

Scientists do not yet fully understand how St. John’s Wort works in relation to mood. Its effect is generally attributed to its content of hypericin, hyperflorin, and flavonoids which help elevate dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. [4]

Dopamine is a stimulant that produces good mood. In elevated levels, it makes the user more focused, confident and interested in what he’s are doing. Norepinephrine is similar to dopamine and produces alertness and motivation. Serotonin on the other hand manages mood, appetite, and sleep. With low levels of Serotonin, one will become anxious, irritable, and have trouble sleeping. [5]

During a six week trial involving patients with mood issues, a hypericum extract of 300 mg or 600 mg was given to one group while the other group used Paroxetine in 20 mg capsules. After six weeks, it was discovered that hypericum extract is as effective as paroxetine for patients with moderate or severe mood issues.[7]



St. John’s Wort is also known as Hypericum.

St. John’s Wort is available in both liquid and pill form. For regular use, a dose of 300 mg taken 3 times a day with meals. [8] The effects of the supplement may be seen in 3-4 weeks and it is recommended that you don’t stop taking it before that. [6]



Nootropics: Willpower and Determination

Today’s the day that you skip grabbing your usual bag of chips and finally get that diet kickstarted. Really. This time you’re serious. Well, maybe you’re actually staring at the empty bag crumpled on your couch, wondering how you finished the whole thing that fast (and resolving that tomorrow is the day you’ll really start).

It’s a lesson you’ll encounter again and again when you try to start a new habit or kick an old one: willpower is a tricky beast, and it isn’t always as easy as firmly making a decision and sticking to it. So what is it then, exactly? Why are people so bad at making a decision and sticking to it? Read on for some insights on how to get motivated, and an overview of key nootropics for motivation.

Read more

Offsetting the Adverse Effects of Common Nootropics

nootropic stacks

Nootropics can help with cognition and memory.

Thanks to your recent foray into nootropics, your memory is better than ever. You commit new information to memory with relative ease, recall old memories in a flash, and are able to work your way through even the densest academic material. Smart drugs are great for increasing cognitive functions in a variety of ways. Better yet, only rarely do smart drugs have toxic thresholds or the potential for harmful overdose. Now, that doesn’t mean that they’re entirely without undesirable side-effects.

It turns out that, with certain compounds, your boosted brainpower comes with a price. Whether it is blunted emotions or wired edginess, there’s a chance that your empowered cognition is costing you something. But fear not! With careful and intelligent supplementations, you can balance out negative effects with synergistic nootropics, allowing you to reduce or erase negative effects while keeping your benefits. Here’s a look at a few of the most common “social costs” of popular nootropics and how to counteract the negative effects.
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ALCAR/ALA Stack: Benefits and Side Effects


ALCAR and ALA can help combat the effects of aging on the brain.

When studying nootropics, you will discover that these supplements have several nuances. You can educate yourself thoroughly on the exact mechanisms of pretty much every available compound, trial them individually, and still barely scratch the surface of smart drug supplementation.

The reason?

Nootropic stacks, or cross-nootropic potentiation. Basically, combine any two or more substances, and you’re going to see effects that go above and beyond what you’d simply expect from one or the other.

Nootropics are complex substances, and the brain is a complex piece of biological machinery. The more compounds you’re ingesting at the same time, the better the chances that you’re going to trigger some unexpected effect.

This combination is the concept behind recent trials which suggest that combining ALCAR (acetyl l-carnitine powder) and ALA (alpha lipoic acid) could have dramatically boosted benefits for health and cognition. Read more